Troubleshooting Android Studio: Solutions for Waiting for Build to Finish Delays

Android Studio is a popular Integrated Development Environment (IDE) for creating Android apps. However, developers often encounter long build times or 'Waiting for Build to Finish' delays. This guide provides step-by-step solutions to address these issues and optimize your build process in Android Studio.

Table of Contents

  1. Clean and Rebuild Project
  2. Disable Instant Run
  3. Optimize Gradle Settings
  4. Increase JVM Heap Size
  5. Update Android Studio and Plugins

Clean and Rebuild Project

Often, cleaning and rebuilding your project can resolve build issues. Follow these steps:

  1. In Android Studio, go to Build > Clean Project.
  2. After the cleaning process completes, go to Build > Rebuild Project.

Disable Instant Run

Instant Run is a feature in Android Studio that enables faster deployment of changes during development. However, it can also cause build delays. Disabling Instant Run may improve build times.

  1. Go to File > Settings (or Android Studio > Preferences on macOS).
  2. Navigate to Build, Execution, Deployment > Instant Run.
  3. Uncheck Enable Instant Run.
  4. Click Apply and then OK.
  5. Restart Android Studio.

Optimize Gradle Settings

Gradle is the build system used by Android Studio. Optimizing Gradle settings can significantly reduce build times.

Enable Gradle's offline mode to cache dependencies:

  • Go to File > Settings (or Android Studio > Preferences on macOS).
  • Navigate to Build, Execution, Deployment > Gradle.
  • Check Offline work under Global Gradle settings.
  • Click Apply and then OK.

In your project's file, add the following lines:


These settings enable the Gradle daemon, parallel execution, and configuration on demand, which can improve build performance.

Increase JVM Heap Size

Increasing the JVM heap size can help prevent OutOfMemoryError issues during the build process.

Go to Help > Edit Custom VM Options in Android Studio.

Add or modify the following line:


This setting increases the maximum heap size to 4 GB. Adjust the value according to your system's RAM capacity.

Save the file and restart Android Studio.

Update Android Studio and Plugins

Updating Android Studio and its plugins to their latest versions can resolve build issues and improve performance.

  1. To update Android Studio, go to Help > Check for Updates (or Android Studio > Check for Updates on macOS).
  2. To update plugins, go to File > Settings (or Android Studio > Preferences on macOS), then navigate to Plugins. Update any plugins with available updates.


1. How can I check my current build time in Android Studio?

Go to View > Tool Windows > Build, and you can see the build time in the Build window.

2. What is the Gradle daemon, and how does it improve build times?

The Gradle daemon is a long-lived background process that caches build information to speed up subsequent builds. It reduces build times by reusing cached data and avoiding the need to start a new JVM process for each build.

3. Can I use both Instant Run and the steps provided in this guide?

Yes, you can use Instant Run along with the other optimization steps. However, if you still face build delays, disabling Instant Run might help.

4. How can I ensure that my Gradle dependencies are up to date?

You can use the Gradle Versions plugin to check for dependency updates in your project.

5. Are there other ways to optimize build performance in Android Studio?

Yes, there are additional ways to optimize build performance, such as using Android App Bundles, code shrinking, and multidex. You can also refer to the official Android Studio guide for more optimization tips.

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