Fixing AttributeError: Solving '_io.TextIOWrapper Object Has No Attribute Split' Issue in Python

In this guide, we will discuss the common Python error AttributeError: '_io.TextIOWrapper' object has no attribute 'split' and provide a step-by-step solution to fix this issue. This error usually occurs when trying to read a file and manipulate its content using the split() function.

Table of Contents

  1. Understanding the Error
  2. Step-by-Step Solution
  3. FAQ
  4. Related Links

Understanding the Error

The _io.TextIOWrapper object represents a file opened in text mode in Python. When you try to call the split() function directly on the file object, Python throws an AttributeError, as the file object does not have a split() method.

Consider the following code snippet:

with open('file.txt', 'r') as file:
    words = file.split()

This code will raise the following error:

AttributeError: '_io.TextIOWrapper' object has no attribute 'split'

Step-by-Step Solution

To fix this error, you should first read the contents of the file using the read() or readlines() method, and then apply the split() function on the content. Here's a step-by-step solution:

  1. Read the file using read() or readlines().
with open('file.txt', 'r') as file:
    content =
  1. Apply the split() function on the content.
with open('file.txt', 'r') as file:
    content =
    words = content.split()

Now, the words variable contains a list of words obtained by splitting the content of the file.


Q1: What is the difference between read() and readlines()?

read() reads the entire content of the file as a single string, while readlines() reads the content line by line and returns a list of strings.

Q2: How do I split a file into lines?

Use the readlines() method or the splitlines() method on the file content:

with open('file.txt', 'r') as file:
    lines = file.readlines()


with open('file.txt', 'r') as file:
    content =
    lines = content.splitlines()

Q3: How do I split a string on a specific character or pattern?

You can pass a delimiter as an argument to the split() method:

string = "a,b,c,d"
words = string.split(',')

Q4: How to split a file based on a specific delimiter?

Read the content of the file and apply the split() function with the delimiter:

with open('file.txt', 'r') as file:
    content =
    words = content.split(',')

Q5: How can I split a string into a fixed number of parts?

Use the split() method with the maxsplit parameter:

string = "a b c d e"
words = string.split(' ', maxsplit=2)

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