Developers use copy constructors for object initialization. Copy constructors in C++ create copies of objects, allowing developers to create exact clones of the original objects. In this document, we'll go over how to create a Binary Search Tree (BST) copy constructor.
- Create a Binary Search Tree (BST) class that includes attributes of a node (key, data, and left/right pointers).
- Within the same class, add a copy constructor.
- The copy constructor should use the copy constructor of the node to make copies of the original tree's nodes.
- It should also use recursion to traverse the tree, creating new nodes in accordance with the copies of the original nodes.
- Once the tree and its children have been copied, the tree can be built using the values.
Q: How is a copy constructor different from other constructors?
A: Copy constructors are like other constructors except they create a “copy” of an existing object, allowing developers to initialize equal instances of a class.
Q: What are the benefits of using recursion for copying a tree?
A: Recursion is useful for copying a tree because it allows a developer to traverse the tree until the leaves are reached and create copies of the nodes. This ensures that all of the attributes, such as the key and data, are cloned correctly.