In this troubleshooting guide, we will explore how to resolve the issue when CMake is unable to locate any instance of Visual Studio on your system. This error may occur while building a project that requires CMake and Visual Studio.
Table of Contents
- Verify Visual Studio Installation
- Install the Required Workloads and Components
- Set CMake Environment Variables
- Upgrade CMake
The 'CMake Could Not Find Any Instance of Visual Studio' issue usually occurs when CMake is unable to locate the Visual Studio installation on your system. This error may prevent you from building or compiling projects that require CMake and Visual Studio. In this guide, we will walk you through the necessary steps to fix this issue.
Before diving into the troubleshooting steps, ensure you have the following software installed on your system:
Verify Visual Studio Installation
First, verify that Visual Studio is installed correctly on your system by following these steps:
- Open Visual Studio.
- Click on Help in the menu bar.
- Select About Microsoft Visual Studio.
- Check the version number and ensure it is up to date.
If Visual Studio is not installed, you can download it from the official website.
Install the Required Workloads and Components
To ensure that CMake can find Visual Studio, you need to install the required workloads and components. Follow these steps:
- Open Visual Studio Installer.
- Click on Modify for the installed Visual Studio edition.
- In the Workloads tab, ensure that the Desktop development with C++ workload is selected.
- Switch to the Individual components tab, and ensure the following components are selected:
- C++ CMake tools for Windows
- MSVC v142 - VS 2019 C++ x64/x86 build tools (Latest)
- Windows 10 SDK (10.0.x.x) for Desktop
- Click on Modify to install the selected workloads and components.
Once the installation is complete, try running CMake again to see if the issue has been resolved.
Set CMake Environment Variables
If the issue persists, try setting the CMake environment variables manually by following these steps:
Win + Xand select System.
- Click on Advanced system settings.
- In the System Properties window, click on Environment Variables.
- Under System variables, click on New.
- Set the following environment variables:
- Variable name:
- Variable value:
- Click on OK to save the changes.
Now, restart your system and try running CMake again to see if the issue has been resolved.
If the issue still persists, consider upgrading CMake to the latest version. You can download the latest version of CMake from the official website.
1. How can I check the version of CMake installed on my system?
Open a command prompt and type
cmake --version. This command will display the version number of your installed CMake.
2. Can I have multiple versions of Visual Studio installed on my system?
Yes, you can have multiple versions of Visual Studio installed on your system. However, ensure that you have the required workloads and components installed for each version.
3. How do I update Visual Studio to the latest version?
Open the Visual Studio Installer, click on the Update button next to the installed Visual Studio edition, and follow the on-screen instructions to update Visual Studio.
4. What if I don't have the required workloads and components for Visual Studio?
If you don't have the required workloads and components installed, you can follow the steps mentioned in the Install the Required Workloads and Components section to install them.
5. Can I use CMake with Visual Studio Code?
Yes, you can use CMake with Visual Studio Code by installing the CMake Tools extension from the Visual Studio Code marketplace.