Solving the Could Not Obtain Transaction-Synchronized Session for Current Thread Error: A Comprehensive Guide

This comprehensive guide will help you understand and solve the "Could not obtain transaction-synchronized Session for current thread" error that you may encounter while working with Spring and Hibernate. We will provide you with step-by-step instructions for resolving this issue and also answer some frequently asked questions related to this error.


The "Could not obtain transaction-synchronized Session for current thread" error usually occurs when your application is unable to get a transaction-synchronized session for the current thread. This is often caused by a misconfiguration in your Spring and Hibernate setup or when you try to access the Hibernate session outside the scope of a transaction.


To follow this guide, you should have a basic understanding of:

  • Java programming language
  • Spring Framework
  • Hibernate ORM

Step-by-Step Solution

Step 1: Ensure Proper Configuration

First, make sure that you have properly configured your Spring and Hibernate setup. This includes having the correct dependencies in your pom.xml or build.gradle file, and having a well-configured applicationContext.xml or @Configuration class. You can refer to Spring's official documentation and Hibernate's official documentation for detailed instructions on setting up and configuring Spring and Hibernate.

Step 2: Use @Transactional Annotation

Next, ensure that you are using the @Transactional annotation in your service layer methods where you access the Hibernate session. The @Transactional annotation is responsible for managing the transaction lifecycle, and it ensures that a Hibernate session is available for the current thread.

import org.springframework.transaction.annotation.Transactional;

public class MyServiceImpl implements MyService {

    private MyRepository myRepository;

    public void save(MyEntity myEntity) {;

Step 3: Use Spring's PlatformTransactionManager

Make sure you are using Spring's PlatformTransactionManager to manage the transactions. This transaction manager ensures that the Hibernate session is properly synchronized with the current thread.

<bean id="transactionManager" class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate5.HibernateTransactionManager">
    <property name="sessionFactory" ref="sessionFactory"/>

Or with Java configuration:

import org.springframework.orm.hibernate5.HibernateTransactionManager;

public class AppConfig {

    private SessionFactory sessionFactory;

    public HibernateTransactionManager transactionManager() {
        HibernateTransactionManager transactionManager = new HibernateTransactionManager();
        return transactionManager;

Step 4: Verify Transaction Propagation

Lastly, verify that the propagation setting in your @Transactional annotation is configured correctly. The default propagation setting is REQUIRED, which means that a new transaction will be created if none exists, or the existing transaction will be used if one is already present.

If you are experiencing issues with the transaction synchronization, try changing the propagation setting to REQUIRES_NEW, which will always create a new transaction for the annotated method.

import org.springframework.transaction.annotation.Transactional;
import org.springframework.transaction.annotation.Propagation;

public class MyServiceImpl implements MyService {

    private MyRepository myRepository;

    @Transactional(propagation = Propagation.REQUIRES_NEW)
    public void save(MyEntity myEntity) {;


1. What is the purpose of the @Transactional annotation?

The @Transactional annotation is used by Spring to manage the transaction lifecycle of a method. When a method is annotated with @Transactional, Spring ensures that a transaction is started before the method is called and committed or rolled back after the method is executed.

2. What is the difference between Spring's HibernateTransactionManager and JpaTransactionManager?

HibernateTransactionManager is a Spring transaction manager specifically designed for Hibernate, while JpaTransactionManager is a more generic transaction manager designed for use with any JPA provider, including Hibernate.

3. Can I use Java configuration instead of XML configuration for setting up transaction management?

Yes, you can use Java configuration using @Configuration classes and @Bean methods to set up transaction management in your Spring application. This is an alternative to using XML-based configuration.

4. Can I use the @Transactional annotation on a private method?

No, the @Transactional annotation should be used on public methods, as Spring uses proxies to manage the transaction lifecycle. If you use the @Transactional annotation on a private method, the transaction management will not work as expected.

5. What is the default timeout for a transaction in Spring?

The default timeout for a transaction in Spring is determined by the underlying transaction manager. For example, with Hibernate as the JPA provider, the default timeout is typically the same as the database's default timeout setting.

By following the steps outlined in this guide, you should be able to resolve the "Could not obtain transaction-synchronized Session for current thread" error in your Spring and Hibernate applications. If you still encounter issues, please consult the official documentation of Spring and Hibernate, and consider asking for help on community forums such as Stack Overflow.

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