Matlab is one of the most popular programming languages used for data analysis and visualizations. It is a software package developed by MathWorks for scientific computing. In this documentation, we will discuss about the procedure to concatenate matrices when their dimensions are not consistent, using the programming language Matlab.

## Basic Information

Matrices are two dimensional tables that are used to represent and store data. They consist of numbers which are arranged in rows and columns. Dimensions of a matrix indicate how many rows and columns are there in that matrix. Concatenation is the process of combining two or more matrices into one bigger matrix. The process of concatenation involves placing all the rows of the first matrix followed by the rows the second matrix.

When dimensions of matrices are the same, it is very easy to concatenate them by using the concatenation operator “&[i]” or the “cat” command. But when the dimensions of the matrices are not consistent, it is not possible to use these commands. Hence, extra steps need to be taken to concatenate the matrices when the dimensions are not consistent.

## Step-by-step Guide

### Step 1:

The first step is to determine the dimensions of both the matrices in order to get an idea of what we are working with and how to approach the concatenation. We can do this by using the ‘size’ command.

### Step 2

The next step is to create an empty matrix that is big enough to accommodate both the matrices. We can do this by using the ‘zeros’ command. This will create a zero matrix with the dimensions that are large enough to accommodate both the matrices.

### Step 3

The third step is to create a loop that will fill the empty matrix created in the previous step with the contents of both the matrices. The loop will run for the duration of the number of rows in the larger matrix and in each iteration, it will check the current row number, if it is less than number of rows in matrix A, then it will fill the row with values from matrix A, if it is equal to or greater than the number of rows of matrix A, it will fill the row with values from matrix B. This way we will be able to fill the matrix created in the previous step with the contents of both the matrices.

### Step 4

The last step is to use the concatenation operator “&[i]” or the “cat” command to concatenate the two matrices. This will combine the two matrices into a single matrix.

## FAQs

### What is Matlab?

Matlab is a programming language used for data analysis and visualizations. It is a software package developed by MathWorks for scientific computing.

### What are matrices?

Matrices are two dimensional tables that are used to represent and store data. They consist of numbers which are arranged in rows and columns.

### What is the concatenation operator?

The concatenation operator “&[i]” is used to combine two matrices into one bigger matrix.

### What is the ‘zeros’ command?

The ‘zeros’ command is used to create an empty matrix with the desired dimensions.

### How are matrices concatenated when their dimensions are not consistent?

When matrices have different sizes, an empty matrix of the desired size should be created first. Then a loop should be used to fill this matrix with the contents of both the matrices. And finally, the concatenation operator or the “cat” command can be used to combine the matrices into a single matrix.