In this guide, we will discuss how to troubleshoot and fix the
ImportError: libcudnn.so.7: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory error that you may encounter while running a deep learning project. This error typically occurs when the CuDNN library is not installed properly or the system is unable to locate the required shared libraries. We will provide a step-by-step solution to resolve this issue.
Table of Contents
- Step 1: Verify CuDNN Installation
- Step 2: Locate libcudnn.so.7
- Step 3: Update LD_LIBRARY_PATH
- Step 4: Verify the Solution
Before proceeding with the troubleshooting steps, ensure that you have the following prerequisites in place:
Step 1: Verify CuDNN Installation
First, make sure that the CuDNN library is installed on your system. You can download the appropriate version of CuDNN from the official NVIDIA CuDNN page. Follow the installation guide provided by NVIDIA to install the CuDNN library.
Step 2: Locate libcudnn.so.7
Next, we need to locate the
libcudnn.so.7 shared library file on your system. You can use the
find command to search for the file:
$ find /usr -iname 'libcudnn.so.7'
This command will search for the
libcudnn.so.7 file in the
/usr directory and its subdirectories. If the file is found, the command will display the file path, such as
If you cannot find the file, you may need to re-install the CuDNN library or check other directories for the file.
Step 3: Update LD_LIBRARY_PATH
Once you have located the
libcudnn.so.7 file, you need to update the
LD_LIBRARY_PATH environment variable to include the directory containing the file. This will allow the system to find the shared library when running your deep learning project.
$ export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:/usr/local/cuda/lib64
/usr/local/cuda/lib64 with the path to the directory containing the
libcudnn.so.7 file if it is different on your system.
To make this change permanent, you can add the
export command to your
$ echo 'export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:/usr/local/cuda/lib64' >> ~/.bashrc
/usr/local/cuda/lib64 with the appropriate directory path if necessary.
Step 4: Verify the Solution
After updating the
LD_LIBRARY_PATH, restart your terminal or run
source ~/.bashrc to apply the changes. Now, try running your deep learning project again. The
ImportError: libcudnn.so.7: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory error should be resolved.
1. What is libcudnn.so.7?
libcudnn.so.7 is a shared library file that is part of the NVIDIA CuDNN library. It is required to run deep learning projects that utilize NVIDIA GPUs for computation.
2. What is the LD_LIBRARY_PATH variable?
LD_LIBRARY_PATH is an environment variable that specifies the directories where shared libraries should be searched for when running an executable.
3. How do I check my CUDA and CuDNN versions?
To check your CUDA version, run the
nvcc --version command. To check your CuDNN version, you can look for the
cudnn.h header file in the
/usr/include directory and inspect its contents.
4. Can I have multiple CuDNN versions on my system?
Yes, you can have multiple CuDNN versions installed on your system. However, you should ensure that the
LD_LIBRARY_PATH environment variable points to the correct version that you want to use.
5. Can I use CuDNN without an NVIDIA GPU?
No, CuDNN is specifically designed to work with NVIDIA GPUs. If you do not have an NVIDIA GPU, you may consider using other deep learning libraries that do not require GPU acceleration.