If you are a developer working with data science or machine learning, you might have come across an error message that says "Input contains NaN, infinity or a value too large for dtype('float64')." This error can be frustrating and confusing, especially if you don't know what is causing it or how to fix it.
In this troubleshooting guide, we will explore the possible causes of this error and provide step-by-step solutions to fix it. We will also answer some frequently asked questions (FAQs) related to this error.
What Causes the 'Input Contains NAN, Infinity, or Large Value for Dtype Float64' Error?
This error message typically occurs when you are working with data that contains NaN (Not a Number) or infinity values. These values can arise due to various reasons, such as missing or corrupt data, mathematical operations that result in infinity, or data conversion issues.
How to Fix the 'Input Contains NAN, Infinity, or Large Value for Dtype Float64' Error?
Here are some steps you can take to fix this error:
Identify the problematic columns: The first step is to identify the columns that contain NaN or infinity values. You can do this by using the
isinf() functions in Python.
import pandas as pd
# Load the data into a Pandas DataFrame
df = pd.read_csv('data.csv')
# Check for NaN values
# Check for infinity values
Replace the problematic values: Once you have identified the columns that contain NaN or infinity values, you can replace them with valid values. For example, you can replace NaN values with the mean or median of the column, or you can drop the rows that contain NaN values.
# Replace NaN values with the mean of the column
# Drop rows that contain NaN values
Convert the data type: If the data contains values that are too large for dtype('float64'), you can convert the data type to a larger dtype, such as dtype('float128').
# Convert the data type to dtype('float128')
Q1. What is NaN?
NaN stands for Not a Number. It is a special floating-point value that represents undefined or unrepresentable values.
Q2. What is infinity?
Infinity is a special floating-point value that represents positive or negative infinity. It is used to represent values that are too large to be represented by a finite floating-point number.
Q3. How do I check if a value is NaN or infinity in Python?
You can use the
isinf() functions in Python to check if a value is NaN or infinity.
Q4. Why am I getting the 'Input Contains NAN, Infinity, or Large Value for Dtype Float64' Error?
You are getting this error because your data contains NaN or infinity values, or values that are too large for dtype('float64').
Q5. Can I ignore the 'Input Contains NAN, Infinity, or Large Value for Dtype Float64' Error?
It is not recommended to ignore this error as it can lead to incorrect results in your analysis or model. It is best to identify and fix the problematic values in your data.