Solving "MessageBodyWriter Not Found for Media Type=Application/JSON" Error

In this guide, we will walk through the process of resolving the common error MessageBodyWriter Not Found for Media Type=Application/JSON. This error typically occurs when a RESTful web service is unable to serialize a response object into JSON format. By following the steps outlined below, you should be able to identify and resolve the issue.

Table of Contents


Before diving into the troubleshooting process, make sure you have the following prerequisites:

  1. A Java application using JAX-RS to implement RESTful web services.
  2. Familiarity with Maven or Gradle build tools.
  3. A basic understanding of JSON format.

Identify the cause

The first step in resolving the MessageBodyWriter Not Found for Media Type=Application/JSON error is to identify its cause. The error generally indicates that the JAX-RS runtime is unable to find a suitable MessageBodyWriter to serialize the response object into JSON format.

This issue can be caused by one or more of the following:

  1. The JSON provider is not included in your application.
  2. The response object is missing necessary annotations.
  3. The JSON serialization is not configured correctly.

Ensure JSON provider is included

To fix the error, make sure your application includes a JSON provider, such as Jackson or Gson. You can include a JSON provider by adding the necessary dependencies to your build configuration.


Add the following dependencies to your pom.xml file:



Add the following dependencies to your build.gradle file:

implementation 'com.fasterxml.jackson.core:jackson-databind:2.13.0'

Check for missing annotations

Ensure that your response object is correctly annotated with @XmlRootElement and @XmlAccessorType. These annotations are required for JAXB-based serialization, which is used by JAX-RS.


import javax.xml.bind.annotation.XmlAccessType;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.XmlAccessorType;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.XmlRootElement;

public class MyResponse {
    private String message;

    public String getMessage() {
        return message;

    public void setMessage(String message) {
        this.message = message;

Verify JSON serialization

After ensuring that your application includes a JSON provider and that your response object is correctly annotated, you should verify that JSON serialization is working as expected.

To do this, you can create a simple JUnit test that serializes your response object to JSON using the same JSON provider used by your application.


import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectMapper;
import org.junit.Test;

import static org.junit.Assert.assertNotNull;

public class MyResponseTest {
    public void testJsonSerialization() throws Exception {
        MyResponse response = new MyResponse();
        response.setMessage("Hello, World!");

        ObjectMapper objectMapper = new ObjectMapper();
        String json = objectMapper.writeValueAsString(response);



1. What is a MessageBodyWriter?

A MessageBodyWriter is an interface used by JAX-RS to convert a response object into a specific media type, such as JSON or XML.

2. What is JAXB?

JAXB, or Java Architecture for XML Binding, is a Java standard that defines how Java objects can be converted to and from XML.

3. How do I choose between Jackson and Gson?

Both Jackson and Gson are popular JSON libraries for Java applications. While Jackson is generally faster and more feature-rich, Gson is easier to use and more lightweight. The choice between the two depends on your application's requirements and personal preferences.

4. Can I use other JSON providers with JAX-RS?

Yes, JAX-RS supports pluggable JSON providers. You can use any JSON provider as long as it implements the MessageBodyWriter and MessageBodyReader interfaces.

5. What if my application is using a custom MessageBodyWriter implementation?

If your application is using a custom implementation of MessageBodyWriter, make sure it is correctly registered in your JAX-RS application. Also, ensure that the custom implementation is able to handle the media type application/json.

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