As a developer, encountering errors while working with Kafka can be quite frustrating. One such error is the "No Resolvable Bootstrap URLs Given In Bootstrap Servers" issue. In this comprehensive guide, we will discuss the reasons for this error and provide a step-by-step solution to resolve it.
Table of Contents
Understanding the Error
The "No Resolvable Bootstrap URLs Given In Bootstrap Servers" error occurs when Kafka clients, such as producers and consumers, cannot resolve the bootstrap server URLs provided in their configurations. This issue typically arises due to incorrect or missing configurations, network issues, or misconfigured DNS settings.
Before diving into the solution, let's ensure that you have everything you need to resolve this issue.
- Ensure that you have access to the Kafka cluster and its configurations.
- Make sure you have a basic understanding of Kafka concepts, such as brokers, producers, and consumers.
- Familiarize yourself with Kafka client configuration properties, particularly the bootstrap.servers property.
Follow these steps to resolve the "No Resolvable Bootstrap URLs Given In Bootstrap Servers" issue:
Step 1: Verify the Configuration
First, ensure that you have the correct
bootstrap.servers configuration in your Kafka clients. This configuration should include the hostnames or IP addresses of one or more Kafka brokers, followed by the port number. The format should be as follows:
broker3 with the actual hostnames or IP addresses of your Kafka brokers.
Step 2: Check Network Connectivity
Verify that your Kafka clients can reach the Kafka brokers over the network. You can use the
ping command to check connectivity. For example:
broker1 with the actual hostname or IP address of your Kafka broker.
ping command fails, check your network settings and ensure that there are no firewalls or security groups blocking the connection between your Kafka clients and brokers.
Step 3: Validate DNS Resolution
If you are using hostnames in your
bootstrap.servers configuration, ensure that your Kafka clients can resolve these hostnames to their respective IP addresses. You can use the
nslookup command to verify DNS resolution. For example:
broker1 with the actual hostname of your Kafka broker.
nslookup command fails, check your Kafka clients' DNS settings and ensure that they are configured to use the correct DNS servers.
1. Can I use IP addresses instead of hostnames in the
Yes, you can use IP addresses instead of hostnames in the
bootstrap.servers configuration. Just make sure to include the port number as well. For example:
2. What port number should I use in the
By default, Kafka brokers use port
9092 for client connections. If you have configured your brokers to use a different port, make sure to use that port number in your
3. Can I specify multiple bootstrap servers for redundancy?
Yes, you can specify multiple bootstrap servers in your configuration to provide redundancy and improve fault tolerance. Kafka clients will try to connect to the bootstrap servers in the order they are listed in the configuration.
4. What happens if all the bootstrap servers are unreachable?
If all the bootstrap servers are unreachable, your Kafka clients will be unable to connect to the Kafka cluster, and you may encounter errors or experience degraded performance.