Solving the Nodemon not recognized Error: Quick Guide to Fixing Internal or External Command Issues

Facing the dreaded "Nodemon not recognized" error can be quite frustrating, especially when you're trying to get your development environment up and running. In this guide, we'll walk you through a step-by-step process to fix this issue and get you back on track in no time.

Table of Contents

  1. What is Nodemon?
  2. Common Causes of the "Nodemon not recognized" Error
  3. Step-by-Step Guide to Fixing the Error
  4. FAQs
  5. Related Resources

What is Nodemon?

Nodemon is a utility that monitors your Node.js applications for any changes in the source code and automatically restarts the server. This saves you the hassle of manually stopping and restarting the server every time you make a change, thus speeding up the development process.

Common Causes of the "Nodemon not recognized" Error

The "Nodemon not recognized" error usually occurs when the system cannot find the Nodemon executable in the system's PATH. This can be due to one of the following reasons:

  1. Nodemon is not installed globally, or the installation is incomplete.
  2. The system's PATH environment variable does not include the folder containing the Nodemon executable.

Step-by-Step Guide to Fixing the Error

Step 1: Check if Nodemon is installed globally

Open a command prompt or terminal and type the following command:

npm list -g --depth=0

This command lists all globally installed npm packages. If you see nodemon in the list, then it's already installed globally. If not, proceed to step 2.

Step 2: Install Nodemon globally

To install Nodemon globally, run the following command:

npm install -g nodemon

This will install Nodemon and make it available system-wide.

Step 3: Verify the installation

Run the following command to check if Nodemon is now installed and recognized:

nodemon -v

If you see the version number, it means Nodemon is now correctly installed and recognized.

Step 4: Update the system's PATH environment variable

If you still encounter the error after completing the steps above, you may need to update the system's PATH environment variable to include the folder containing the Nodemon executable. To do this, follow these steps for your respective operating system:

For Windows:

  1. Press Win + X and choose "System" from the menu.
  2. Click on "Advanced system settings" on the right side of the window.
  3. Click on the "Environment Variables" button.
  4. Under "System variables", find the "Path" variable, select it, and click "Edit".
  5. Click "New" and add the path to the folder containing the Nodemon executable (usually %AppData%\npm).
  6. Click "OK" to save the changes.

For macOS and Linux:

Open a terminal window.

Run the following command to open the .bash_profile or .bashrc file:

nano ~/.bash_profile


nano ~/.bashrc

Add the following line to the file:

export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/lib/node_modules/nodemon/bin

Save the file and exit the editor.

Restart the terminal to apply the changes.

Now you should be able to use Nodemon without any issues.


1. Can I use Nodemon with other languages, besides JavaScript?

Yes, Nodemon can be used with other languages, such as Python or Ruby. To do this, you need to specify the script's extension and the executable command in the Nodemon command. For example, for a Python script, you can use:

nodemon --exec python --ext py

2. Can I install Nodemon locally for a specific project?

Yes, you can install Nodemon locally for a specific project by running the following command within the project directory:

npm install nodemon --save-dev

This will install Nodemon as a development dependency and save it to your project's package.json file.

3. How do I configure Nodemon to ignore certain files or directories?

You can create a nodemon.json configuration file in your project's root directory and specify the files or directories to ignore. For example:

  "ignore": ["*.test.js", "node_modules"]

4. How do I stop Nodemon from restarting on specific changes?

You can use the --ignore flag followed by the file pattern or directory you want Nodemon to ignore. For example:

nodemon --ignore public/

5. Why is Nodemon not restarting my application when I make changes?

Nodemon may not restart your application if it's not monitoring the correct files. Ensure that you have the correct file patterns specified, and check your nodemon.json configuration file for any errors.

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