The ORA-12537 error is a common Oracle error that occurs when there is a problem with the network connection between the client and the server. This can result in a "Network Session: End of File" error message. In this guide, we will discuss the common causes of this error and provide step-by-step instructions to help you troubleshoot and resolve the issue.
Table of Contents
- Common Causes of ORA-12537
- Step-by-Step Guide to Troubleshoot ORA-12537
- Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
Common Causes of ORA-12537
There are several factors that can contribute to the ORA-12537 error:
Firewall restrictions: The firewall settings on the client or server machine may be blocking the required communication ports.
Incorrect listener configuration: The Oracle listener configuration file (listener.ora) may have incorrect settings or may be missing required entries.
Network issues: Problems with the network, such as high latency, packet loss, or misconfigured network devices, can cause this error.
- Oracle software bugs: In some cases, the error may be caused by a bug in the Oracle software. This is more likely if you are using an older version of Oracle.
Step-by-Step Guide to Troubleshoot ORA-12537
Follow these steps to troubleshoot and resolve the ORA-12537 error:
Step 1: Verify Firewall Settings
Check the firewall settings on both the client and server machines. Ensure that the required communication ports are open and that the Oracle listener is allowed to accept incoming connections.
Refer to your firewall documentation for instructions on how to configure these settings.
Step 2: Check the Listener Configuration
Review the Oracle listener configuration file (listener.ora) on the server machine. Ensure that the following entries are correct:
- The hostname or IP address of the server machine
- The port number on which the listener is listening (default is 1521)
- The service name(s) for the Oracle database instance(s)
If you make any changes to the listener.ora file, restart the Oracle listener service for the changes to take effect.
Step 3: Test Network Connectivity
Test the network connectivity between the client and server machines using tools such as
pingto check whether the server machine is reachable from the client machine.
tracerouteto identify any network issues or bottlenecks between the client and server machines.
telnetto test connectivity to the Oracle listener port on the server machine.
If you encounter any network issues, consult your network administrator to help resolve them.
Step 4: Update Oracle Software
If the issue persists after completing the previous steps, consider updating your Oracle software to the latest version. This can help resolve any bugs or compatibility issues that may be causing the ORA-12537 error.
Refer to the Oracle documentation for instructions on how to update your Oracle software.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
What is the ORA-12537 error?
The ORA-12537 error is an Oracle error related to network connectivity issues between the client and server machines. It can result in a "Network Session: End of File" error message.
How can I resolve the ORA-12537 error?
To resolve the ORA-12537 error, you need to:
- Verify firewall settings on both the client and server machines.
- Check the Oracle listener configuration (listener.ora) on the server machine.
- Test network connectivity between the client and server machines.
- Update your Oracle software to the latest version, if necessary.
What is the default port for the Oracle listener?
The default port for the Oracle listener is 1521. However, the port number can be changed in the listener.ora configuration file if necessary.
How do I restart the Oracle listener service?
To restart the Oracle listener service, use the following command:
lsnrctl stop lsnrctl start
How can I check the status of the Oracle listener?
To check the status of the Oracle listener, use the following command:
This will display information about the listener, including its current status, the listening endpoints, and the services it is managing.