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When working with Git, you might come across the error message "Pull is not possible because you have unmerged files." This usually occurs when you have a merge conflict in your local repository that needs to be resolved before you can pull any changes from the remote repository. In this guide, we'll walk you through the steps to fix this issue and get your Git repository back on track.
Step by Step Solution
Identify unmerged files
To find the list of unmerged files in your repository, run the following command in your terminal:
This command will show you the list of unmerged files, followed by the message "both modified."
Resolve merge conflicts
Now that you have identified the unmerged files, you need to resolve the merge conflicts by manually editing the files and choosing the changes you want to keep. Open each unmerged file in your preferred text editor and look for the conflict markers (
>>>>>>>). These markers indicate the conflicting changes that need to be resolved.
For example, a merge conflict may appear like this:
<<<<<<< HEAD // Your local changes ======= // Changes from the remote branch >>>>>>> branch-name
Carefully review the changes and decide which version you want to keep. Remove the conflict markers and make any necessary edits to combine the changes.
Stage the resolved files
After resolving the merge conflicts in each file, stage the changes by running the following command:
git add <file-name>
Repeat this step for all unmerged files.
Commit the changes
Once you have staged all the resolved files, commit the changes with the following command:
git commit -m "Resolved merge conflicts"
Pull the changes from remote
Now that the merge conflicts have been resolved and committed, you can safely pull the changes from the remote repository:
Your local repository should now be up-to-date with the remote repository, and the "Pull is not possible because you have unmerged files" error should no longer appear.
What are merge conflicts?
Merge conflicts occur when two branches have made changes to the same line in a file or when a file has been deleted in one branch but modified in another. Git cannot automatically merge these changes, so it requires manual intervention to resolve the conflict.
How can I prevent merge conflicts?
One way to prevent merge conflicts is to keep your branches up-to-date with the latest changes from the remote repository by frequently pulling changes. This helps to minimize the differences between your local branch and the remote branch, reducing the likelihood of conflicts.
Can I use a GUI tool to resolve merge conflicts?
What is the difference between
git pull and
git pull is a combination of
git fetch and
git fetch only downloads the changes from the remote repository without merging them, while
git pull downloads the changes and automatically merges them with your local branch.
How do I abort a merge if I want to start over?
To abort a merge and start over, you can use the
git merge --abort command. This will discard the merge and return your working directory to the state before you initiated the merge.