Master Python's range() and len() Functions for Maximum Efficiency

This guide explains how to use Python's range() and len() functions to maximize efficiency while writing code.

Introduction

Python's range() and len() functions are useful tools for optimizing code and increasing productivity. range() allows you to select portions of a sequence by providing numerical boundaries, whereas len() helps you to figure out the length of a sequence quickly and accurately.

Usage

range()

Syntax

``````range(start, stop[, step])
``````

Explanation

The range() function creates a sequence of numbers. The first parameter `start` is the beginning of the sequence and the second parameter `stop` is the number immediately after the last number in the sequence. The sequence can also be specified with a third parameter `step` which is the amount added to each number as the sequence progresses. The default value for step is 1.

Examples

For example, if you want to create a sequence of numbers from 1 to 10, you would enter

``````range(1, 11)
``````

to get the following sequence:

``````(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10)
``````

Using the `step` parameter, if you only wanted to get odd numbers from 1 to 10, you would use

``````range(1, 11, 2)
``````

to get the following sequence:

``````(1, 3, 5, 7, 9)
``````

len()

Syntax

``````len(object)
``````

Explanation

The len() function returns the length of an object. It is useful for determining the length of a sequence, iterable, or related object.

Examples

For example, if you wanted to get the length of the list below, you would use

``````list = [3, 5, 7, 8, 10]

len(list)
``````

to get the following output:

``````5
``````

FAQ

Q: Can I use the range() function with negative numbers?

A: Yes, you can use the range() function with negative numbers as long as your `stop` parameter is greater than the `start` parameter.

Q: What happens when I try to use the len() function with a string?

A: The len() function will return the length of a string in terms of the number of characters in the string.

Sources

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