Troubleshooting Guide: Fixing the react_dom_client__webpack_imported_module_1__.render is not a function Error

React has become one of the most popular libraries for building user interfaces. While it's incredibly powerful and easy to use, sometimes errors can pop up, causing confusion and frustration. One such error is the react_dom_client__webpack_imported_module_1__.render is not a function error.

In this guide, we'll explore the possible causes of this error and provide step-by-step solutions to resolve it. By the end of this guide, you should be able to fix the error and get your React application running smoothly again.

Table of contents

Possible Causes of the Error

The react_dom_client__webpack_imported_module_1__.render is not a function error typically occurs when there's an issue with how React and ReactDOM are being imported or exported in your project. This error might be caused by one or more of the following issues:

  1. Incorrect import or export statements in your code
  2. Misconfiguration in your Webpack configuration
  3. Outdated versions of React and ReactDOM

Step-by-Step Solutions

To resolve the react_dom_client__webpack_imported_module_1__.render is not a function error, follow the solutions below:

Solution 1: Check your imports and exports

The first step is to ensure that you're correctly importing and exporting React and ReactDOM in your project. Check your import statements to make sure they match the following format:

import React from 'react';
import ReactDOM from 'react-dom';

Additionally, ensure that you're exporting your components correctly. Here's an example of how to export a simple App component:

import React from 'react';

const App = () => (
    <h1>Hello, world!</h1>

export default App;

Solution 2: Verify your Webpack configuration

If your imports and exports are correct but you're still encountering the error, your Webpack configuration might be the culprit. Check your webpack.config.js file and ensure that you have the following settings:

  1. Make sure you have the babel-loader configured for .js and .jsx files:
module: {
  rules: [
      test: /\.(js|jsx)$/,
      exclude: /node_modules/,
      use: ['babel-loader'],
  1. Verify that you have the correct resolve settings for your project:
resolve: {
  extensions: ['*', '.js', '.jsx'],
  1. Ensure that you have the HtmlWebpackPlugin plugin configured:
const HtmlWebpackPlugin = require('html-webpack-plugin');

plugins: [
  new HtmlWebpackPlugin({
    template: path.resolve(__dirname, 'public', 'index.html'),

Solution 3: Update your React and ReactDOM versions

If you've checked your imports, exports, and Webpack configuration but the error persists, it's possible that your React and ReactDOM versions are outdated. Update your package.json file with the latest versions of React and ReactDOM as follows:

"dependencies": {
  "react": "^17.0.2",
  "react-dom": "^17.0.2",

After updating your package.json, run npm install or yarn to install the latest versions.


Q1. What is ReactDOM.render()?

AnswerReactDOM.render() is a function provided by the `ReactDOM` library to render a React element into the DOM. It takes two arguments: the React element and the DOM container node where the element will be mounted.

Q2. Why am I getting the "React must be in scope" error?

AnswerThis error occurs when you're using JSX syntax in your component, but you haven't imported React. To fix this error, simply import React at the beginning of your file like this:

import React from 'react';

Q3. How do I configure Babel with Webpack?

AnswerTo configure Babel with Webpack, you need to install the `babel-loader` package and add a configuration rule for it in your `webpack.config.js` file. Here's a simple example:

module: {
  rules: [
      test: /\.(js|jsx)$/,
      exclude: /node_modules/,
      use: ['babel-loader'],

Q4. What is the purpose of the resolve property in the Webpack configuration?

AnswerThe `resolve` property in the Webpack configuration is used to specify how Webpack should locate and resolve modules in your project. By specifying the `extensions` property, you can tell Webpack which file extensions to resolve automatically, allowing you to import files without specifying their file extension.

Q5. Can I use React without ReactDOM?

AnswerWhile React and ReactDOM are often used together, it's possible to use React without ReactDOM in certain situations. For example, if you're building a React Native app, you wouldn't need ReactDOM, as React Native provides its own rendering system. However, for web applications, ReactDOM is necessary for rendering React components to the DOM.

  1. Official React Documentation
  2. Official ReactDOM Documentation
  3. Webpack Configuration Guide
  4. Babel-loader for Webpack
  5. React Troubleshooting Guide

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