Experiencing the 'remaining connection slots reserved for non-replication superuser connections' error can be quite frustrating. This comprehensive guide will help you understand the error and provide you with a step-by-step solution to fix it. ## Table of Contents - [Understanding the Error](#understanding-the-error) - [Step-by-Step Solution](#step-by-step-solution) - [Step 1: Check the Connection Limit](#step-1-check-the-connection-limit) - [Step 2: Increase the Connection Limit](#step-2-increase-the-connection-limit) - [Step 3: Optimize Connection Pooling](#step-3-optimize-connection-pooling) - [Step 4: Monitor and Optimize Queries](#step-4-monitor-and-optimize-queries) - [FAQs](#faqs) - [Related Links](#related-links) <a name="understanding-the-error"></a> ## Understanding the Error The `'remaining connection slots reserved for non-replication superuser connections'` error occurs when a PostgreSQL server reaches its maximum connection limit. The default connection limit for PostgreSQL is 100 connections. This error can negatively impact the performance of your application, and it's essential to address it to ensure smooth operation. <a name="step-by-step-solution"></a> ## Step-by-Step Solution Follow these steps to fix the 'remaining connection slots reserved for non-replication superuser connections' error: <a name="step-1-check-the-connection-limit"></a> ### Step 1: Check the Connection Limit First, check your PostgreSQL server's current connection limit. You can do this by running the following query: ```sql SHOW max_connections;
This will return the current connection limit set for your PostgreSQL server.
Step 2: Increase the Connection Limit
If the connection limit is too low for your application's needs, you can increase it by modifying the
postgresql.conf file. Locate the
max_connections configuration parameter and increase its value.
max_connections = 200
After making the change, restart your PostgreSQL server for the changes to take effect.
Step 3: Optimize Connection Pooling
Connection pooling can help you manage and optimize your server's connections. Implementing a connection pooler like PgBouncer can help improve performance and prevent the 'remaining connection slots reserved for non-replication superuser connections' error.
Follow the official PgBouncer documentation to install and configure PgBouncer for your PostgreSQL server.
Step 4: Monitor and Optimize Queries
Monitor your application's queries to identify slow or inefficient queries that could be causing connection issues. Use tools like pg_stat_statements to track query performance and optimize them as needed.
Q: How can I check the current number of active connections on my PostgreSQL server?
A: Run the following query to check the current number of active connections:
SELECT count(*) FROM pg_stat_activity;
Q: What is the default value for
max_connections in PostgreSQL?
A: The default value for
max_connections in PostgreSQL is 100 connections.
Q: How can I find the
postgresql.conf file on my server?
A: You can find the location of the
postgresql.conf file by running the following query:
Q: How much should I increase the
A: The optimal value for
max_connections depends on your application's needs and your server's resources. Increasing the value too much can cause performance issues. It's essential to monitor your server's performance and adjust the value accordingly.
Q: Can I set a separate connection limit for superusers?
A: Yes, you can set a separate connection limit for superusers by modifying the
reserved_connections parameter in the
postgresql.conf file. For example:
reserved_connections = 10