Solving requests.exceptions.InvalidSchema: No Connection Adapters Found - A Comprehensive Guide

This comprehensive guide will walk you through how to fix the requests.exceptions.InvalidSchema: No Connection Adapters Found error in Python's requests library. This error occurs when the library encounters a URL with an unsupported schema. We will cover the common causes of this error, and provide step-by-step solutions to resolve it.

Table of Contents

Understanding the Error

requests.exceptions.InvalidSchema: No Connection Adapters Found is an error that occurs when the requests library cannot establish a connection to the specified URL. This is usually because the URL has an unsupported schema, such as ftp:// or file://.

Here's an example of the error message you might encounter:

requests.exceptions.InvalidSchema: No connection adapters were found for 'file:///path/to/local/file.txt'

Identifying the Cause

The most common causes of this error are:

  1. The URL provided is incorrect, misspelled, or missing a schema (e.g., http:// or https://).
  2. The requests library does not support the URL's schema.
  3. A custom connection adapter is not properly registered with the requests library.

Step-by-Step Solutions

Solution 1: Check the URL

Ensure that the URL provided is correct and contains the correct schema. The requests library only supports http:// and https:// out of the box.


Instead of using an incorrect URL like this:

import requests

url = "file:///path/to/local/file.txt"
response = requests.get(url)

Use a correct URL with a supported schema:

import requests

url = ""
response = requests.get(url)

Solution 2: Install the Required Adapter

If your URL has a schema that is not natively supported by the requests library, you may need to install an additional connection adapter. For example, to use the requests library with an ftp:// URL, you can install the requests-ftp adapter.


Install the requests-ftp adapter using pip:

pip install requests-ftp

Then, use the adapter in your code:

import requests
from requests_ftp import FTPAdapter

url = ""

session = requests.Session()
session.mount("ftp://", FTPAdapter())

response = session.get(url)

Solution 3: Register the Connection Adapter

If you have created a custom connection adapter, make sure it is properly registered with the requests library.


Register a custom connection adapter:

import requests
from my_custom_adapter import MyCustomAdapter

url = "custom://"

session = requests.Session()
session.mount("custom://", MyCustomAdapter())

response = session.get(url)


1. What is a connection adapter?

Connection adapters are responsible for handling the implementation details of making a request to a specific URL schema. They provide an interface between the requests library and the underlying protocol, such as HTTP or FTP.

2. How do I create a custom connection adapter?

You can create a custom connection adapter by subclassing the requests.adapters.BaseAdapter class and implementing the necessary methods, such as send() and close().

3. Can I use multiple connection adapters with the requests library?

Yes, you can register multiple connection adapters with the requests library by creating a Session object and mounting each adapter with the mount() method.

4. Why does the requests library not support other schemas out of the box?

The requests library is primarily designed for making HTTP requests, which is why it only supports http:// and https:// by default. However, the library's architecture allows for the use of additional connection adapters to support other schemas.

5. Can I use the requests library to fetch local files?

No, the requests library does not natively support fetching local files using the file:// schema. You can use Python's built-in open() function to read local files instead.

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