In this guide, we will cover how to fix the Android SDK location error that can occur when the SDK is placed at the filesystem root. This error is common among developers who are setting up their Android development environment for the first time or are migrating their projects to a new system.
By following the steps in this guide, you will be able to avoid placing the Android SDK at the filesystem root and resolve any related errors.
Table of Contents
- Step 1: Download the Android SDK
- Step 2: Set the Android SDK Location
- Step 3: Configure the SDK in Android Studio
- Step 4: Update Gradle Build File
- Related Links
Before proceeding with this guide, ensure that you have the following installed and configured on your system:
Step 1: Download the Android SDK
First, you need to download the Android SDK from the official Android Developer website. Choose the "SDK Tools Only" package for your operating system and download the zip file.
Step 2: Set the Android SDK Location
After downloading the Android SDK, extract the zip file to a suitable location on your system. It is crucial to avoid placing it at the filesystem root. A recommended location is within your user directory, such as
C:\Users\<username>\Android\SDK for Windows or
/Users/<username>/Android/SDK for macOS.
Step 3: Configure the SDK in Android Studio
After setting the Android SDK location, you need to configure it in Android Studio. Follow these steps:
- Launch Android Studio.
- Click on "Configure" on the welcome screen.
- Choose "SDK Manager" from the list.
- In the "Android SDK Location" field, click on "Edit" and browse to the folder where you extracted the SDK in step 2.
- Click on "Apply" and then "OK" to save the changes.
Step 4: Update Gradle Build File
Lastly, you need to update your project's
build.gradle file to reference the new SDK location:
- Open your Android project in Android Studio.
- Locate the
build.gradlefile in the project explorer.
- Update the
sdk.dirproperty to point to the new SDK location:
sdk.dir = "/Users/<username>/Android/SDK"
- Sync your project with Gradle by clicking the "Sync Now" button in the top right corner or by selecting "File" > "Sync Project with Gradle Files" from the menu.
Now your project should build successfully without any SDK location errors.
Why should I avoid placing the Android SDK at the filesystem root?
Placing the Android SDK at the filesystem root makes it difficult for the Android Studio and other tools to locate it. Moreover, it may cause permission issues, which can lead to build errors and other problems during development.
Can I use a custom location for the Android SDK?
Yes, you can choose any location on your system for the Android SDK, as long as it is not placed at the filesystem root. Just ensure that you update the SDK location in Android Studio and your
build.gradle file accordingly.
How do I install specific Android platforms and tools?
In the SDK Manager, you can select the required Android platforms, build tools, and other components by checking the relevant boxes and clicking on "Apply" to install them.
Can I use the same Android SDK location for multiple projects?
Yes, you can use the same Android SDK location for multiple projects. Just ensure that you configure the SDK location in Android Studio and update the
build.gradle file for each project.
How do I update the Android SDK?
To update the Android SDK, open the SDK Manager in Android Studio and click on the "Updates" tab. Select the required components and click on "Apply" to install the updates.
- Android Studio Official Documentation
- Gradle Official Documentation
- Java Development Kit (JDK) Download
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