```
In Python, the `int()` function is commonly used to convert a given value into an integer. However, sometimes you may encounter the `TypeError: int() can't convert non-string with explicit base` error while using this function. This guide provides a comprehensive understanding of the error, its causes, and solutions to fix it.
## Table of Contents
1. [Understanding the int() Function](#understanding-the-int-function)
2. [Causes of TypeError: int() Can't Convert Non-String with Explicit Base](#causes-of-typeerror)
3. [Solutions to Fix the TypeError](#solutions-to-fix-the-typeerror)
4. [FAQs](#faqs)
<a name="understanding-the-int-function"></a>
## Understanding the int() Function
The `int()` function in Python is used to convert a specified value into an integer. It takes two arguments: the value to be converted and the base (optional).
**Syntax:**
```python
int(x, base)
```

**Parameters:**

`x`

: A number or a string representing a number (mandatory)`base`

: An integer representing the base in which the number is provided (optional, default is 10)

**Example:**

```
number = int("42")
print(number) # Output: 42
binary_number = int("1010", 2)
print(binary_number) # Output: 10
```

## Causes of TypeError: int() Can't Convert Non-String with Explicit Base

This error occurs when the `int()`

function is provided with an incorrect or incompatible combination of arguments. Specifically, the error is triggered when:

- The first argument is not a string, and the second argument (base) is provided.
- The first argument is a string, but the second argument (base) is not an integer.

## Solutions to Fix the TypeError

To fix the `TypeError: int() can't convert non-string with explicit base`

, you need to ensure that the input arguments provided to the `int()`

function are valid and compatible. Here are the solutions:

### Solution 1: Remove the Base Argument for Non-String Inputs

If the first argument is not a string (e.g., a number), remove the base argument.

**Example:** Convert a float to an integer

```
number = 42.5
integer = int(number) # No base argument needed
print(integer) # Output: 42
```

### Solution 2: Convert the Input to a String before Using int()

If the first argument is not a string and you need to specify a base, convert the input to a string before using the `int()`

function.

**Example:** Convert a binary number (as an integer) to decimal

```
binary_number = 1010
decimal_number = int(str(binary_number), 2)
print(decimal_number) # Output: 10
```

### Solution 3: Ensure the Base Argument is an Integer

If the first argument is a string, ensure the second argument (base) is an integer.

**Example:** Convert a hexadecimal number (as a string) to an integer

```
hex_number = "1a"
integer = int(hex_number, 16) # Ensure the base is an integer
print(integer) # Output: 26
```

## FAQs

### 1. What is the default base for the int() function in Python?

The default base for the `int()`

function is 10, which means it assumes the input is a decimal number.

### 2. Can I use the int() function to convert a float to an integer?

Yes, you can use the `int()`

function to convert a float to an integer. It will truncate the decimal part and return the integer value.

### 3. Can I specify a base for non-string inputs in the int() function?

No, you can only specify a base for string inputs. For non-string inputs, you should either remove the base argument or convert the input to a string first.

### 4. Can I use the int() function to convert a complex number to an integer?

No, the `int()`

function cannot be used to convert a complex number to an integer. You will get a `TypeError`

if you try to do so.

### 5. How can I convert a number in a different base to an integer in Python?

To convert a number in a different base to an integer, pass the number as a string and specify the base in the `int()`

function.

**Example:** Convert a binary number (as a string) to an integer

```
binary_number = "1101"
integer = int(binary_number, 2)
print(integer) # Output: 13
```