Fixing Uncaught ReferenceError: Angular Is Not Defined – Solutions and Troubleshooting Tips

In this guide, we'll discuss the common error "Uncaught ReferenceError: Angular is not defined" faced by developers while working with AngularJS and provide step-by-step solutions to fix it. We'll also cover some troubleshooting tips to ensure a smooth development experience.

Table of Contents

Common Causes of the Error

The "Uncaught ReferenceError: Angular is not defined" error occurs when the AngularJS library is not loaded correctly in your application or when the library's reference is missing. Some common causes are:

  1. Incorrect file path for the AngularJS library
  2. AngularJS library not loaded before your app's JavaScript file
  3. Incorrect or missing AngularJS library version
  4. Script tags misplaced or missing

Step-by-step Solution

To fix the "Uncaught ReferenceError: Angular is not defined" error, follow these steps:

Step 1: Check the File Path

Ensure that the AngularJS library file path is correctly specified in your HTML file. The file path should point to the location of the angular.js or angular.min.js file in your project. For example:

<script src="path/to/angular.min.js"></script>

Step 2: Load AngularJS Before Your App's JavaScript

Make sure that the AngularJS library is loaded before your app's JavaScript file. The script tag for AngularJS should appear before the script tag for your app's JavaScript file in your HTML file. For example:

<script src="path/to/angular.min.js"></script>
<script src="path/to/your-app.js"></script>

Step 3: Verify the AngularJS Library Version

Ensure that you are using the correct version of AngularJS for your project. Check the official AngularJS documentation for any compatibility issues between different versions, and update your library if needed.

Step 4: Check the Script Tags' Location

Verify that the script tags for AngularJS and your app's JavaScript file are placed correctly in your HTML file. Ideally, these script tags should be placed at the end of the body tag to ensure the DOM is fully loaded before the scripts are executed. For example:

  <!-- Your HTML content -->

  <script src="path/to/angular.min.js"></script>
  <script src="path/to/your-app.js"></script>

Troubleshooting Tips

If you've followed the steps above and are still facing the "Uncaught ReferenceError: Angular is not defined" error, try these troubleshooting tips:

  1. Clear your browser cache and refresh the page.
  2. Check the browser console for any other errors that might be causing the issue.
  3. Ensure that there are no conflicts with other JavaScript libraries in your project.
  4. Check for any typos or syntax errors in your code.
  5. Verify that your AngularJS module and controller are correctly defined in your app's JavaScript file.


1. Can I use a CDN to load the AngularJS library?

Yes, you can use a Content Delivery Network (CDN) to load the AngularJS library. Replace the src attribute in the script tag with the CDN URL for the AngularJS library. For example:

<script src=""></script>

2. Can I use multiple AngularJS versions in a single project?

It is not recommended to use multiple AngularJS versions in a single project, as it can lead to conflicts and unexpected behavior.

3. How do I check the loaded AngularJS version?

You can check the loaded AngularJS version in the browser console by typing angular.version. This will display an object containing the version information.

4. Can the error be caused by third-party AngularJS modules?

Yes, the error can be caused by third-party AngularJS modules if they are not loaded correctly or if there are compatibility issues with the AngularJS version you are using.

Some other errors that can be related to "Angular is not defined" are:

  • Uncaught ReferenceError: angular is not defined
  • Uncaught Error: [$injector:modulerr] Failed to instantiate module
  • TypeError: Cannot read property 'module' of undefined

Check the official AngularJS documentation for more information on these errors and their solutions.

Great! You’ve successfully signed up.

Welcome back! You've successfully signed in.

You've successfully subscribed to

Success! Check your email for magic link to sign-in.

Success! Your billing info has been updated.

Your billing was not updated.