Fixing ValueError: Expecting Property Name Error in Python - Step-by-Step Guide to Resolve Line 1 Column 2 (Char 1) Issue

When working with Python, you might encounter an error like this: "ValueError: Expecting property name enclosed in double quotes: line 1 column 2 (char 1)." This error is usually caused by improper syntax in your JSON data or when you are trying to parse it using json.loads() or json.load() methods. In this guide, we will learn how to resolve this error step by step.

Table of Contents

  1. Understanding the Error
  2. Step-by-Step Solution
  3. FAQs
  4. Related Links

Understanding the Error

The error "ValueError: Expecting property name enclosed in double quotes: line 1 column 2 (char 1)" arises when there is a syntax issue in your JSON data. JSON is a lightweight data interchange format which is easy for humans to read and write and easy for machines to parse and generate. However, JSON has strict rules regarding syntax, and one of these rules is that all property names should be enclosed in double quotes.

Let's take a look at an example of incorrect JSON data:

  'name': 'John',
  'age': 30

The property names 'name' and 'age' are enclosed in single quotes, which is not allowed in JSON. The correct format should be:

  "name": "John",
  "age": 30

Now that we understand the error let's learn how to fix it in Python.

Step-by-Step Solution

Follow the steps below to resolve the "ValueError: Expecting property name enclosed in double quotes: line 1 column 2 (char 1)" error:

Step 1: Identify the problematic JSON data

First, you need to identify the JSON data causing the error in your Python code. Look for the JSON data that is not following the proper syntax, i.e., property names not enclosed in double quotes.

Step 2: Replace single quotes with double quotes

Replace all single quotes enclosing property names with double quotes. You can do this manually or programmatically in Python.

To replace single quotes with double quotes programmatically, you can use the replace() method:

incorrect_json_data = "{ 'name': 'John', 'age': 30 }"
correct_json_data = incorrect_json_data.replace("'", '"')

Step 3: Parse the corrected JSON data

Now that you have corrected the JSON data, you can use the json.loads() or json.load() method to parse it without encountering the error.

import json

correct_json_data = '{ "name": "John", "age": 30 }'
data = json.loads(correct_json_data)

This should output the following:

{'name': 'John', 'age': 30}


Q1: Can I use single quotes in JSON data?

No, JSON data requires that you use double quotes for both property names and string values. Using single quotes will result in a syntax error.

Q2: Can I use comments in JSON data?

No, JSON data does not support comments. If you need to include comments, consider using a different format or store the comments separately from the JSON data.

Q3: How can I validate my JSON data?

You can use online tools like JSONLint or JSON Formatter to validate your JSON data and ensure it follows proper syntax.

Q4: Can I use triple quotes for multiline JSON data in Python?

Yes, you can use triple quotes to define multiline JSON data in Python. However, make sure to use double quotes for property names and string values within the JSON data.

Q5: How can I read JSON data from a file in Python?

To read JSON data from a file, you can use the json.load() method. Here's an example:

import json

with open('data.json', 'r') as file:
    data = json.load(file)

Make sure the JSON data in the file follows the correct syntax, with property names enclosed in double quotes.

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