# How to Shift Old Scores in Python: A Guide to Writing a Loop that Copies the First Element to the End and Sets New Scores in One Step

Are you tired of manually moving scores to the end of a list in your Python program? Don't worry, we've got you covered. In this guide, we'll show you how to write a loop that copies the first element to the end and sets new scores in one step.

## Prerequisites

Before we begin, make sure you have the following installed:

• Python 3.x
• A code editor (we recommend Visual Studio Code)

## Step 1: Create a list of scores

First, we need to create a list of scores. We'll use a list of 5 scores for this example:

``````scores = [85, 92, 78, 90, 87]
``````

## Step 2: Write a loop to shift the scores

Next, we'll write a loop to shift the scores. Here's the code:

``````for i in range(len(scores)):
if i == 0:
continue
scores[i] = scores[i-1]
scores = 99
``````

In this loop, we iterate over the indices of the list. For each index, we set its value to the value of the previous index. We skip the first index, as we want to copy the first element to the end. Finally, we set the first element to the new score (in this case, 99).

## Step 3: Print the new scores

Finally, we'll print the new scores:

``````print(scores)
``````

This will output the following:

``````[92, 78, 90, 87, 99]
``````

And that's it! You've successfully shifted the old scores and set a new score in one step.

## FAQ

### Q1: Can I use this loop for lists of different lengths?

Yes, you can. Just make sure to update the range of the loop to match the length of your list.

### Q2: What if I want to copy the last element to the beginning instead?

Just change the loop to start from the end and iterate backwards:

``````for i in range(len(scores)-1, 0, -1):
scores[i] = scores[i-1]
scores = scores[-1]
``````

### Q3: What if I want to set multiple new scores?

You can modify the loop to set multiple new scores:

``````new_scores = [99, 88, 95]
for i in range(len(scores)):
if i == 0:
continue
scores[i] = scores[i-1]
if i-1 < len(new_scores):
scores[i-1] = new_scores[i-1]
scores = new_scores
``````

### Q4: Can I use this loop for lists of strings or other data types?

Yes, you can. Just make sure to update the new score value to match the data type of your list.

### Q5: What if I want to shift the scores by more than one position?

You can modify the loop to shift the scores by more than one position:

``````shift_amount = 3
for i in range(len(scores)):
if i < shift_amount:
continue
scores[i] = scores[i-shift_amount]
for i in range(shift_amount):
scores[i] = 99
``````

Just change the `shift_amount` variable to the number of positions you want to shift the scores by.

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