Fixing the draw() Method Error: Passing DataTable or DataView Correctly in JavaScript

In this documentation, we will discuss how to fix the draw() method error that occurs when passing DataTable or DataView incorrectly in JavaScript. This error is common when working with Google Charts, which relies on DataTables and DataViews to display data.

Follow this step-by-step guide to resolve the issue and ensure that you can correctly pass the DataTable or DataView to the draw() method.

Table of Contents

  1. Understanding the Issue
  2. Step-by-Step Solution
  3. FAQ Section
  4. Related Links

Understanding the Issue

The draw() method is used in Google Charts to render the chart on the webpage. It expects a DataTable or DataView object as its first parameter. If you incorrectly pass these objects, the method will throw an error.

A common mistake developers make is passing the JSON data directly to the draw() method without first converting it into a DataTable or DataView. This results in an error that reads: "Uncaught (in promise) TypeError: Cannot read properties of undefined (reading 'draw')".

To fix this issue, we need to ensure that the data is properly formatted and passed as a DataTable or DataView object to the draw() method.

Step-by-Step Solution

  1. Load the Required Libraries: First, make sure you've loaded the required Google Charts libraries in your HTML file. You can do this by adding the following script tag to your file:
<script type="text/javascript" src=""></script>
  1. Initialize Google Charts: Next, initialize Google Charts by calling the google.charts.load() method and specifying the version and packages you need. For example:
google.charts.load('current', {packages: ['corechart']});
  1. Create a Callback Function: Create a callback function that will be executed once the Google Charts library is loaded. This function will contain the code to create and draw your chart.
  1. Fetch Data: Fetch your data from an API or any other data source, and store it in a variable. Make sure that the data is in the correct format for Google Charts.
async function fetchData() {
  const response = await fetch('');
  const data = await response.json();
  return data;
  1. Convert Data to DataTable: Convert the fetched data into a DataTable object using the google.visualization.DataTable() constructor. You can then add columns and rows to the DataTable as needed.
async function createDataTable() {
  const rawData = await fetchData();
  const dataTable = new google.visualization.DataTable();

  dataTable.addColumn('string', 'Label');
  dataTable.addColumn('number', 'Value');

  rawData.forEach(item => {
    dataTable.addRow([item.label, item.value]);

  return dataTable;
  1. Draw the Chart: Finally, create an instance of the desired chart type (e.g., google.visualization.BarChart) and call the draw() method, passing the DataTable object as the first parameter.
async function drawChart() {
  const dataTable = await createDataTable();
  const chart = new google.visualization.BarChart(document.getElementById('chart_div'));

  const options = {
    title: 'Example Chart',
    width: 600,
    height: 400

  chart.draw(dataTable, options);

By following these steps, you can ensure that the DataTable or DataView is correctly passed to the draw() method, preventing the error.

FAQ Section

What is a DataTable?

A DataTable is an in-memory data structure used by Google Charts to store and manipulate the data displayed in a chart. It contains a series of columns and rows, where each column represents a data type and each row represents a data record.

What is a DataView?

A DataView is a filtered view of a DataTable that allows you to display a subset of the data or modify its appearance without affecting the original data. DataViews can be useful when you want to create multiple charts with different views of the same data.

How do I add columns to a DataTable?

You can add columns to a DataTable using the addColumn() method. To add a column, you need to specify its data type and label. For example:

dataTable.addColumn('string', 'Label');
dataTable.addColumn('number', 'Value');

How do I add rows to a DataTable?

You can add rows to a DataTable using the addRow() method. To add a row, you need to pass an array of values that matches the number and data types of the columns in the DataTable. For example:

dataTable.addRow(['Example Label', 42]);

Can I use Google Charts without an internet connection?

No, Google Charts requires an active internet connection to work, as it relies on loading the required libraries and resources from Google's servers.

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