Troubleshooting Guide: Resolving Call to a Member Function bind_param() on Boolean Error in PHP

This guide will help you resolve the common PHP error "Call to a member function bind_param() on boolean." This error typically occurs when using prepared statements with MySQLi in PHP. We will provide a step-by-step solution to fix this issue and avoid further occurrence.

Table of Contents

  1. Understanding the Error
  2. Step-by-Step Solution
  3. FAQ
  4. Related Links

Understanding the Error

When using the MySQLi extension with prepared statements in PHP, you may encounter the following error:

Fatal error: Uncaught Error: Call to a member function bind_param() on boolean

This error occurs when the bind_param() function is called on a boolean value, which is not an object of the mysqli_stmt class. The boolean value is typically a false, indicating that the prepared statement was not created successfully.

There are several reasons why the prepared statement might fail:

  • Syntax errors in the SQL query
  • Database connection issues
  • Incorrect table or column names

Step-by-Step Solution

To resolve the "Call to a member function bind_param() on boolean" error, follow these steps:

Step 1: Check the SQL Query

Ensure that your SQL query's syntax is correct. Here's an example of a correct SQL query:

INSERT INTO users (username, email) VALUES (?, ?)

Step 2: Verify Database Connection

Make sure that you have a valid connection to the database. Test the connection using the following code:

$mysqli = new mysqli('localhost', 'username', 'password', 'database_name');

if ($mysqli->connect_error) {
    die('Connect Error (' . $mysqli->connect_errno . ') ' . $mysqli->connect_error);
} else {
    echo 'Connection successful!';

Step 3: Check Table and Column Names

Ensure that the table and column names in your SQL query match the actual names in your database.

Step 4: Handle Prepared Statement Errors

To get a more detailed error message, use the error property of the mysqli object. Modify your code as follows:

$stmt = $mysqli->prepare("INSERT INTO users (username, email) VALUES (?, ?)");

if ($stmt === false) {
    die('Error preparing statement: ' . $mysqli->error);

$stmt->bind_param('ss', $username, $email);

By following these steps, you should be able to resolve the "Call to a member function bind_param() on boolean" error in PHP.


1. What is a prepared statement?

A prepared statement is a feature in MySQLi and PDO that allows you to create a template for an SQL query and send it to the database server for compilation. You can then execute the compiled query multiple times with different parameters, which helps prevent SQL injection attacks and improve performance. Learn more about prepared statements.

2. What is the purpose of the bind_param() function?

The bind_param() function is used to bind variables to the parameters of a prepared statement. It ensures that the variables are treated as data, not as part of the SQL query, which prevents SQL injection attacks.

3. Can I use prepared statements with PDO?

Yes, you can use prepared statements with the PDO extension in PHP. The syntax is slightly different than with MySQLi. Learn more about using prepared statements with PDO.

4. Are there alternatives to MySQLi and PDO for using prepared statements in PHP?

Yes, there are third-party libraries like Doctrine DBAL and Eloquent ORM that provide a more abstract and object-oriented approach to working with databases and prepared statements in PHP.

5. Can I use prepared statements with other databases like PostgreSQL or SQLite?

Yes, prepared statements are a feature of many database systems, not just MySQL. The PDO extension in PHP supports prepared statements for multiple databases, including PostgreSQL and SQLite.

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