Solving mysqli_query() Error: Understanding and Fixing the 'Expects Parameter 1 to be mysqli' Issue

The mysqli_query() error - "Expects Parameter 1 to be mysqli" - is a common issue encountered by PHP developers when working with databases. This error generally occurs when the function mysqli_query() is missing a required parameter or is provided with an incorrect one. In this guide, we will help you diagnose and fix this issue with a step-by-step approach.

Table of Contents

Understanding mysqli_query() function

The mysqli_query() function is a part of the mysqli extension in PHP and is used to perform queries against a MySQL database. It has two required parameters:

  1. $link - A mysqli object representing a connection to a MySQL server.
  2. $query - A string containing the SQL query to be executed.

The function returns a mysqli_result object on success or FALSE on failure. More information on this function can be found in the official PHP documentation.

$result = mysqli_query($link, $query);

Common Causes of the Error

The error "Expects Parameter 1 to be mysqli" is usually caused by one of the following issues:

  1. The $link parameter is missing or incorrect.
  2. The mysqli_connect() function failed to establish a connection to the MySQL server.
  3. Incorrect usage of the mysqli_query() function.

Step-by-step Solution

To fix the "Expects Parameter 1 to be mysqli" error, follow these steps:

First, make sure that the $link parameter is provided when calling the mysqli_query() function. The $link parameter should be a mysqli object representing a connection to a MySQL server.

$link = mysqli_connect("localhost", "username", "password", "database");

$result = mysqli_query($link, $query); // Make sure $link is provided as the first argument

Step 2: Check the Connection to the MySQL Server

Verify that the mysqli_connect() function has successfully established a connection to the MySQL server. You can do this by checking the value of the $link variable. If the connection fails, the $link variable will be FALSE.

$link = mysqli_connect("localhost", "username", "password", "database");

if (!$link) {
    die("Connection failed: " . mysqli_connect_error());

$result = mysqli_query($link, $query);

Step 3: Verify the Usage of mysqli_query()

Ensure that you are using the mysqli_query() function correctly by providing the required parameters in the correct order. The first parameter should be the $link variable, and the second parameter should be the SQL query string.

$result = mysqli_query($link, $query);

By following these steps, you should be able to resolve the "Expects Parameter 1 to be mysqli" error.


1. What is the mysqli extension in PHP?

The mysqli extension is a PHP extension designed to work with the MySQL database. It provides an object-oriented and procedural interface for developers to interact with MySQL databases. More information on the mysqli extension can be found in the official PHP documentation.

2. How can I check if the SQL query executed successfully?

To check if the SQL query executed successfully, you can examine the return value of the mysqli_query() function. If the function returns a mysqli_result object, the query was successful. If it returns FALSE, there was an error in the query execution.

$result = mysqli_query($link, $query);

if ($result) {
    echo "Query executed successfully";
} else {
    echo "Error executing query: " . mysqli_error($link);

3. Can I use the mysqli_query() function with other databases like PostgreSQL or SQLite?

No, the mysqli_query() function is specifically designed to work with MySQL databases. To interact with other databases, you can use their respective PHP extensions, such as PDO for PostgreSQL, or SQLite3 for SQLite.

4. What is the difference between mysqli_query() and mysqli_multi_query()?

mysqli_query() is used to execute a single SQL query, whereas mysqli_multi_query() is used to execute multiple SQL queries in a single function call. More information on mysqli_multi_query() can be found in the official PHP documentation.

5. Can I use prepared statements with mysqli_query()?

No, prepared statements are not used with mysqli_query(). To use prepared statements in mysqli, you can use the mysqli_prepare() function, followed by the mysqli_stmt_bind_param() and mysqli_stmt_execute() functions. More information on prepared statements in mysqli can be found in the official PHP documentation.

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