The purpose of this guide is to assist developers in troubleshooting and resolving the ORA-01858 error in Oracle databases. This error occurs when there is a non-numeric character in a numeric field, which affects the proper execution of SQL statements. By following the steps provided in this guide, developers will be able to identify the source of the error and implement a solution to resolve it.
Table of Contents
- Understanding the ORA-01858 Error
- Identifying the Source of the ORA-01858 Error
- Step-by-Step Solution to Resolve the ORA-01858 Error
- Related Links
Understanding the ORA-01858 Error
The ORA-01858 error occurs when a non-numeric character is found in a numeric field during the execution of an SQL statement. This error typically arises when attempting to insert or update a date value using an incorrect format, leading to a mismatch between the specified format and the actual data.
The error message will look like the following:
ORA-01858: a non-numeric character was found where a numeric was expected
Identifying the Source of the ORA-01858 Error
Before attempting to resolve the error, it is essential to identify the source of the problem. The error message typically provides a clue as to where the issue lies within the SQL statement.
Consider the following example:
INSERT INTO employees (employee_id, hire_date) VALUES (1, TO_DATE('15-SEP-2021', 'DD-MON-YYYY'));
In this example, the error may occur due to an incorrect date format. The format specified in the
TO_DATE function is 'DD-MON-YYYY', but the actual date value is in the format 'DD-MMM-YYYY'.
Step-by-Step Solution to Resolve the ORA-01858 Error
Examine the SQL statement: Review the SQL statement causing the error and identify the date value and its associated format.
Check the date format: Ensure that the date format specified in the SQL statement matches the actual date value. If the formats are different, modify the format accordingly.
Test the modified SQL statement: Execute the modified SQL statement and check if the error persists. If the error still occurs, proceed to the next step.
Verify the column data type: Check the data type of the column in which the date value is being inserted or updated. Ensure that the data type is compatible with the date value.
Update the column data type: If the column data type is found to be incompatible, alter the table to modify the column data type to a compatible one.
Re-execute the SQL statement: After updating the column data type, execute the SQL statement again to verify if the error has been resolved.
What is the ORA-01858 error?
The ORA-01858 error occurs when a non-numeric character is found in a numeric field during the execution of an SQL statement in an Oracle database.
What causes the ORA-01858 error?
The ORA-01858 error is typically caused by a mismatch between the specified date format and the actual date value in an SQL statement.
How can I identify the source of the ORA-01858 error?
The error message usually provides a clue as to where the issue lies within the SQL statement. Examine the SQL statement and look for any discrepancies in the date value and its associated format.
Can the ORA-01858 error be caused by an incompatible column data type?
Yes, the ORA-01858 error can also occur if the column data type is incompatible with the date value being inserted or updated.
How can I resolve the ORA-01858 error?
To resolve the ORA-01858 error, ensure that the date format specified in the SQL statement matches the actual date value and that the column data type is compatible with the date value.