Fix: "React Error - 'props' Not Recognized on DOM Element"


If you're working with React and building components, you may have encountered this error: "Uncaught TypeError: Cannot read property 'props' of null." This is a reference error that occurs when ReactDOM can't recognize the props associated with elements you are trying to render. In this post, we'll look at the causes of this error and how to fix it.


This error occurs when the props being passed as arguments to the ReactDOM.render() method are not / can not be recognized as valid props of the DOM element in question. This can happen due to a few different things:

  • The element's props are not set properly or are missing values.
  • If a prop has a default value, it is not being passed explicitly in the ReactDOM.render() call.
  • The element's props are conflicting with the props of another element.


Fortunately, the fix for this error is relatively simple.

  1. Check that all props for the component/element you're trying to render are valid and properly configured. A good starting point is to make sure that you are correctly using the component's spread operator (e.g. <component {...props} />) and that no props have invalid values.
  2. Validate that all props passed through ReactDOM.render() are mapped correctly to the component's props. If a prop has a default value, be sure it is passed explicitly in the call.
  3. If applicable, trace any props (including those of sibling elements) back through the component tree to ensure there are no conflicts between props.


Q: What is ReactDOM?

A: ReactDOM is the entry point used to render React components into the HTML DOM. It allows us to render components with props and provides access to various React DOM properties and methods.

Q: What is a spread operator?

A: The spread operator (...) is a JavaScript operator used to expand elements in an array or object. In the context of this error, it is often used to pass props to components, allowing for more efficient component rendering.


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